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Dr Abdul Qadeer Khan 10 Personal Facts, Biography, Wiki
Pakistani nuclear physicist
Born: April 1, 1936, Bhopal, India
Died: October 10, 2021, KRL Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan
Spouse: Henny Qadeer Khan (m. 1964)
Children: Dina Khan, Ayesha Khan
Books: Dr. A.Q. Khan on Science and Education
Education: Delft University of Technology (TU Delft)
Parents: Abdul Ghafoor Khan, Zulekha Begum
Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan is a famous Pakistani nuclear scientist and a metallurgical engineer.
He is widely regarded as the founder of gas-centrifuge enrichment technology for Pakistan’s nuclear deterrent program.
Pakistan’s nuclear weapons program is a source of extreme national pride.
As its “father”, A.Q. Khan, who headed Pakistan’s nuclear program for some 25 years, is considered a national hero.
Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan was born in 1936 in Bhopal, India. He immigrated with his family to Pakistan in 1947.
After studying at St. Anthony’s High School, Khan joined the D. J. Science College of Karachi, where he took physics and mathematics.
His teacher at the college was famous solar physicist Dr. Bashir Syed.
Khan earned a B.Sc. degree in physical metallurgy at the University of Karachi in 1960.
Khan accepted a job as an inspector of weight and measures in Karachi after graduation.
He later resigned and went to work in Netherlands in the 1970’s.
Khan gained fame as a talented scientist at the nuclear plant he worked in.
He had special access to the most restricted areas of the URENCO facility.
He could also read the secret documentation on the gas centrifuge technology.
In December, 1974, he came back to Pakistan and tried to convince the Prime Minister, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, to adopt his Uranium route rather than Plutonium route in building nuclear weapons.
According to media reports, A.Q. Khan had a close and cordial relationship with President General Mohammad Zia-ul-Haq and the Military of Pakistan.
He also maintained a close relationship with the Pakistan Air Force.
After his role in Pakistan’s nuclear program, Khan re-organized the Pakistani’s national space agency, SUPARCO.
In the late of 1990s, Khan played an important role in Pakistan’s space program, particularly the Pakistan’s first Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) project and the Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV).
Khan’s unrestricted publicity of Pakistan’s nuclear weapons and ballistic missile capabilities brought humiliation to the Pakistan’s government.
The United States began to think that Pakistan was giving nuclear weapons technology to North Korea, to get ballistic missile technology in exchange.
Khan also came under renewed scrutiny following the September 11, 2001 attacks in the U.S.
He allegedly sold nuclear technology to Iran. However, he was pardoned in 2004, but placed under house arrest.
On the 22nd of August 2006, the Pakistani government declared that Khan had been diagnosed with prostate cancer and was undergoing treatment.
He was released from house arrest in February 2009.
Khan was also a key figure in the establishment of several engineering universities in Pakistan.
He set up a metallurgy and material science institute in Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology.
The place, where Khan served as both executive member and director, has been named as Dr. A. Q. Khan Department of Metallurgical Engineering and Material Sciences.
Another school, Dr. A. Q. Khan Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering at Karachi University, has also been named in his honor.
Khan thus played a vital role in bringing metallurgical engineering courses to various universities of Pakistan.
Despite his international image, Khan remains widely popular among Pakistanis and he is considered domestically to be one of the most-influential and respected scientists in Pakistan.
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Dr Abdul Qadeer Khan 10 Pics, Photos, Pictures
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Dr Abdul Qadeer Khan 10 Fast Facts, Biography, Wiki
Pakistani nuclear scientist Abdul Qadeer Khan died Sunday at the age of 85 in Islamabad.
Commonly known as A.Q. Khan, he was considered the father of Pakistan’s nuclear programme, and is known by the title Mohsin-i-Pakistan (saviour of Pakistan).
But he was also seen as a controversial figure, who was accused of giving nuclear technology to “rogue states”.
According to reports, Khan’s health deteriorated Saturday due to lung issues. He was taken to KRL Hospital Sunday morning, where he died.
A.Q. Khan was born in Bhopal in 1936, but after Partition in 1947, his family decided to move to Pakistan. He studied metallurgy at Karachi University.
He came into the limelight when Pakistan tested its first atom bomb on 28 May 1998, just two weeks after India’s Pokhran-II tests on 11 and 13 May that year.
Khan lived under heavy security in Islamabad.
In 2004, Khan was named in the global nuclear proliferation scandal in 2004 that involved the sale of nuclear secrets to North Korea, Iran and Libya.
He was accused by then-army chief and President Pervez Musharraf of running a nuclear material dissemination network.
Shortly after Musharraf’s announcement, a recorded confession by Khan was circulated in which he took full responsibility for all nuclear proliferation.
He was arrested in 2004 and kept under house arrest till 2009.
However, he later retracted his confession. He also accused Musharraf of waging a vendetta against him.
He is the only person in Pakistan to have been awarded the country’s highest civilian award, the Nishan-e-Imtiaz, twice.